Masterpiece Cakeshop v. Craig
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Description: Two men filed a complaint with the state of Colorado after a cake artist declined to use his creative abilities to promote and endorse their same-sex ceremony even though other cake artists were willing to do the job and marriage between members of the same sex is not legal in Colorado.
Colo. cake artist appeals govt ‘re-education’ order
Masterpiece Cakeshop ordered to file quarterly ‘compliance’ reports, re-educate staff that artists must endorse all views
The commission’s order requires cake artist Jack Phillips and his staff at Masterpiece Cakeshop to create cakes for same-sex celebrations, forces him to re-educate his staff that Colorado’s Anti-Discrimination Act means that artists must endorse all views, compels him to implement new policies to comply with the commission’s order, and requires him to file quarterly “compliance” reports for two years. The reports must include the number of patrons declined a wedding cake or any other product and state the reason for doing so to ensure he has fully eliminated his religious beliefs from his business.
“Americans should not be forced by the government – or by another citizen – to endorse or promote ideas with which they disagree,” said lead counsel Nicolle Martin, one of more than 2,400 attorneys allied with Alliance Defending Freedom. “This is not about the people who asked for a cake; it’s about the message the cake communicates. Just as Jack doesn’t create baked works of art for other events with which he disagrees, he doesn’t create cake art for same-sex ceremonies regardless of who walks in the door to place the order.”
“In America, we don’t force artists to create expression that is contrary to their convictions,” added ADF Senior Legal Counsel Jeremy Tedesco. “A paint artist who identifies as homosexual shouldn’t be intimidated into creating a painting that celebrates one-man, one-woman marriage. A pro-life photographer shouldn’t be forced to work a pro-abortion rally. And Christian cake artists shouldn’t be punished for declining to participate in a same-sex ceremony or promote its message.”
In July 2012, Charlie Craig and David Mullins asked Jack Phillips, owner of Masterpiece Cakeshop, to make a wedding cake to celebrate their same-sex ceremony. In an exchange lasting about 30 seconds, Phillips politely declined, explaining that he would gladly make them any other type of baked item they wanted but that he could not make a cake promoting a same-sex ceremony because of his faith. Craig and Mullins, now represented by the American Civil Liberties Union, immediately left the shop and later filed a complaint with the Colorado Civil Rights Division. The case now goes to the Colorado Court of Appeals as Masterpiece Cakeshop v. Craig.
“Jack, and other cake artists like him – such as those seen on TV shows like ‘Ace of Cakes’ and ‘Cake Boss’ – prepare unique creations that are inherently expressive,” Tedesco explained. “Jack invests many hours in the wedding cake creative process, which includes meeting the clients, designing and sketching the cake, and then baking, sculpting, and decorating it. The ACLU calls Jack a mere ‘retail service provider,’ but, in fact, he is an artist who uses his talents and abilities to create expression that the First Amendment fully protects.”
Celebrity cake artists have written publicly about their art and the significant expressive work that goes into the artistic design process for wedding cakes.
- Pronunciation guide: Tedesco (Tuh-DESS’-koh)
Additional resources: Masterpiece Cakeshop v. Craig
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Previous news releases:
- 2014-05-30: Colo. cake artist considering appeal of Civil Rights Commission decision
- 2014-05-30: Artistic expression at stake in Colo. cake artist case
- 2014-01-06: Cake artists are citizens, not government servants
- 2013-12-06: Colo. court denies baker’s freedom in same-sex ceremony suit
- 2013-12-03: ADF: Colo. cake artist shouldn’t be forced to support same-sex ceremonies
Links concerning the art of cake design:
- Buddy Valastro: Secrets from The Cake Boss (Huffington Post, 2011-10-11)
- Charm City Cakes: A little about us
- Charm City Cakes West: Our story
Legal documents, related news, and other related resources available in the right panel when this page is viewed at ADFmedia.org.